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证券和债券的区别,更多关于证券从业资格考试信息,请访问考试吧证券从业资格考试网。

  ZHENGQUANSHIZHAIQUANHEGUPIAOYIJIQITAYOUJIAZHENGQUANDEZONGCHENG。ZHAIQUANSHIZHENGFU、QIYE、YINXINGDENGZHAIWURENWEICHOUJIZIJIN,ANZHAOFADINGCHENGXUFAXINGBINGXIANGZHAIQUANRENCHENGNUOYUZHIDINGRIQIHAIBENFUXIDEYOUJIAZHENGQUAN。

  GUANGYIDEZHENGQUANFENWEIZHENGJUZHENGQUAN,PINGZHENGZHENGQUANHEYOUJIAZHENGQUAN,XIAYIDEZHENGQUANZHIYOUJIAZHENGQUAN,BAOKUOCHAOPIAO、YOUPIAO、YINHUASHUIPIAO、GUPIAO、ZHAIQUAN、GUOKUQUAN、SHANGYEBENPIAO、CHENGDUIHUIPIAO、YINXINGDINGQICUNDANDENGDENG,TONGCHANGSHUODEZHENGQUANGENGXIAYI,SHIZHITEZHIZHENGQUANFASUOGUIFANDEYOUJIAZHENGQUAN,JIZHAIQUANHEGUPIAO,QITAKEYI“CHAO”DEBIRUQUANZHENGBUSHIZHENGQUAN,SHIJINRONGYANSHENGPIN。 ZHAIQUANSHIYIZHONGYOUJIAZHENGQUAN。YOUYUZHAIQUANDELIXITONGCHANGSHISHIXIANQUEDINGDE,SUOYIZHAIQUANSHIGUDINGLIXIZHENGQUAN(DINGXIZHENGQUAN)DEYIZHONG。ZAIJINRONGSHICHANGFADADEGUOJIAHEDIQU,ZHAIQUANKEYISHANGSHILIUTONG。ZAIZHONGGUO,BIJIAODIANXINGDEZHENGFUZHAIQUANSHIGUOKUQUAN。

  证券的概念以及分类

  ZHENGQUAN,SHIDUOZHONGJINGJIQUANYIPINGZHENGDETONGCHENG,YEZHIZHUANMENDEZHONGLEICHANPIN,SHIYONGLAIZHENGMINGQUANPIAOCHIYOURENXIANGYOUDEMOUZHONGTEDINGQUANYIDEFALVPINGZHENG。

  ZHENGQUANZHUYAOBAOKUOZIBENZHENGQUAN、HUOBIZHENGQUANHESHANGPINZHENGQUANDENG。XIAYISHANGDEZHENGQUANZHUYAOZHIDESHIZHENGQUANSHICHANGZHONGDEZHENGQUANCHANPIN,QIZHONGBAOKUOCHANQUANSHICHANGCHANPINRUGUPIAO,ZHAIQUANSHICHANGCHANPINRUZHAIQUAN,YANSHENGSHICHANGCHANPINRUGUPIAOQIHUO、QIQUAN、LILVQIHUODENG。

  性质分类

  ZHENGQUANANQIXINGZHIBUTONG,ZHENGQUANKEYIFENWEIZHENGJUZHENGQUAN、PINGZHENGZHENGQUANHEYOUJIAZHENGQUANSANDALEI。

  ZHENGJUZHENGQUAN: ZHISHIDANCHUNDIZHENGMINGYIZHONGSHISHIDESHUMIANZHENGMINGWENJIAN,RUXINYONGZHENG、ZHENGJU、TIDANDENG。

  PINGZHENGZHENGQUAN: SHIZHIRENDINGCHIZHENGRENSHIMOUZHONGSIQUANDEHEFAQUANLIZHEHEZHENGMINGCHIZHENGRENSUOLVXINGDEYIWUYOUXIAODESHUMIANZHENGMINGWENJIAN,RUCUNKUANDANDENG。

  YOUJIAZHENGQUAN: SHIZHIBIAOYOUPIAOMIANYUE,YONGYUZHENGMINGCHIYOURENHUOGAIZHENGQUANZHIDINGDETEDINGZHUTIDUITEDINGCAICHANYONGYOUSUOYOUQUANHUOZHAIQUANDEPINGZHENG,QUBIEYUSHANGMIANLIANGZHONGZHENGQUANDEZHUYAOTEZHENGSHIKEYIRANGDU。

  收益分类

  CONGGUANGYISHANG,ANZHAOSHIFOUNENGJISHIYONGZHEDAILAISHOURU,ZHENGQUANKEYIFENWEIYOUJIAZHENGQUANHEWUJIAZHENGQUANLIANGDALEI。

  WUJIAZHENGQUAN,SHIZHIBUNENGJISHIYONGZHEDAILAISHOURUDEZHENGQUAN。BAOKUOPINGZHENGZHENGQUANHESUOYOUQUANZHENGQUAN。PINGZHENGZHENGQUANYOUCHENGZHENGJUZHENGQUAN,ZHUANMENZHENGMINGMOUZHONGSHISHIDEWENJIAN,LIRUJIEJU、SHOUJU、PIAOZHENGDENG,YIBANBUJUYOUSHICHANGLIUTONGXING。SUOYOUQUANZHENGQUAN,SHIZHIZHENGMINGCHIZHENGRENWEIMOUZHONGQUANLIDEHEFASUOYOUZHEDEZHENGQUAN,RUTUDISUOYOUQUANZHENGSHUDENG。

  YOUJIAZHENGQUAN,SHIZHENGQUANDEYIZHONG,JIQIBENZHIRENGRANSHIYIZHONGJIAOYIQIYUEHUOHETONG,BUGUOYUQITAZHENGQUANDEBUTONGZHICHUZAIYU,YOUJIAZHENGQUANJUYOUYIXIATEZHENG: RENHEYOUJIAZHENGQUANDOUYOUYIDINGDEMIANZHI,RENHEYOUJIAZHENGQUANDOUKEYIZIYOUZHUANRANG,RENHEYOUJIAZHENGQUANBENSHENDOUYOUJIAGE,RENHEYOUJIAZHENGQUANDOUNENGJIQICHIYOURENZAIJIANGLAIDAILAIYIDINGDESHOUYI。

  内容分类

  ANZHENGQUANSUOZAINEIRONGKEYIFENWEI:

  1.HUOBIZHENGQUAN,KEYIYONGLAIDAITIHUOBISHIYONGDEYOUJIAZHENGQUANZESHANGYEXINYONGGONGJU,ZHUYAOYONGYUQIYEZHIJIANDESHANGPINJIAOYI、LAOWUBAOCHOUDEZHIFUHEZHAIQUANZHAIWUDEQINGSUANDENG,CHANGJIANDEYOUQIPIAO、HUIPIAO、BENPIAO、ZHIPIAODENG。

  2.ZIBENZHENGQUAN,TASHIZHIBAZIBENTOURUQIYEHUOBAZIBENGONGJIQIYEHUOGUOJIADEYIZHONGSHUMIANZHENGMINGWENJIAN,ZIBENZHENGQUANZHUYAOBAOKUOGUQUANZHENGQUAN(SUOYOUQUANZHENGQUAN)HEZHAIQUANZHENGQUAN,RUGEZHONGGUPIAOHEGEZHONGZHAIQUANDENG。

  3.HUOWUZHENGQUAN(SHANGPINZHENGQUAN)SHIZHIDUIHUOWUYOUTIQUQUANDEZHENGMING,TAZHENGMINGZHENGQUANCHIYOURENKEYIPINGZHENGQUANTIQUGAIZHENGQUANSHANGSUOLIEMINGDEHUOWU,CHANGJIANDEYOUZHANDAN、YUNHUOZHENGSHU、TIHUODANDENG。

  ZHAIQUANDEGAINIANYIJIFENLEI

  ZHAIQUAN(Bonds / debenture)SHIYIZHONGJINRONGQIYUE,SHIZHENGFU、JINRONGJIGOU、GONGSHANGQIYEDENGZHIJIEXIANGSHEHUIJIEZHAICHOUJIEZIJINSHI,XIANGTOUZIZHEFAXING,TONGSHICHENGNUOANYIDINGLILVZHIFULIXIBINGANYUEDINGTIAOJIANCHANGHAIBENJINDEZHAIQUANZHAIWUPINGZHENG。ZHAIQUANDEBENZHISHIZHAIDEZHENGMINGSHU,JUYOUFALVXIAOLI。ZHAIQUANGOUMAIZHEHUOTOUZIZHEYUFAXINGZHEZHIJIANSHIYIZHONGZHAIQUANZHAIWUGUANXI,ZHAIQUANFAXINGRENJIZHAIWUREN,TOUZIZHE(ZHAIQUANGOUMAIZHE)JIZHAIQUANREN。

  ZHAIQUANSHIYIZHONGYOUJIAZHENGQUAN。YOUYUZHAIQUANDELIXITONGCHANGSHISHIXIANQUEDINGDE,SUOYIZHAIQUANSHIGUDINGLIXIZHENGQUAN(DINGXIZHENGQUAN)DEYIZHONG。ZAIJINRONGSHICHANGFADADEGUOJIAHEDIQU,ZHAIQUANKEYISHANGSHILIUTONG。

  ZHAIQUANBAOHANLEYIXIASANCENGHANYI:

  1.ZHAIQUANDEFAXINGREN(ZHENGFU、JINRONGJIGOU、QIYEDENGJIGOU)SHIZIJINDEJIERUZHE。

  2.GOUMAIZHAIQUANDETOUZIZHESHIZIJINDEJIECHUZHE。

  3.FAXINGREN(JIERUZHE)XUYAOZAIYIDINGSHIQIHAIBENFUXI。

  按发行主体划分

  1.ZHENGFUZHAIQUAN

  ZHENGFUZHAIQUANSHIZHENGFUWEICHOUJIZIJINERFAXINGDEZHAIQUAN。ZHUYAOBAOKUOGUOZHAI、DIFANGZHENGFUZHAIQUANDENG,QIZHONGZUIZHUYAODESHIGUOZHAI。GUOZHAIYINQIXINYUHAO、LILVYOU、FENGXIANXIAOERYOUBEICHENGWEI“JINBIANZHAIQUAN”。CHULEZHENGFUBUMENZHIJIEFAXINGDEZHAIQUANWAI,YOUXIEGUOJIABAZHENGFUDANBAODEZHAIQUANYEHUAGUIWEIZHENGFUZHAIQUANTIXI,CHENGWEIZHENGFUBAOZHENGZHAIQUAN。ZHEIZHONGZHAIQUANYOUYIXIEYUZHENGFUYOUZHIJIEGUANXIDEGONGSIHUOJINRONGJIGOUFAXING,BINGYOUZHENGFUTIGONGDANBAO。

  ZHONGGUOLISHISHANGFAXINGDEGUOZHAIZHUYAOPINZHONGYOUGUOKUQUANHEGUOJIAZHAIQUAN,QIZHONGGUOKUQUANZI1981NIANHOUJIBENSHANGMEINIANDOUFAXING。ZHUYAODUIQIYE、GERENDENG;GUOJIAZHAIQUANCENGJINGFAXINGBAOKUOGUOJIAZHONGDIANJIANSHEZHAIQUAN、GUOJIAJIANSHEZHAIQUAN、CAIZHENGZHAIQUAN、TEZHONGZHAIQUAN、BAOZHIZHAIQUAN、JIBENJIANSHEZHAIQUAN,ZHEIXIEZHAIQUANDADUODUIYINXING、FEIYINXINGJINRONGJIGOU、QIYE、JIJINDENGDINGXIANGFAXING,BUFENYEDUIGERENTOUZIZHEFAXING。XIANGGERENFAXINGDEGUOKUQUANLILVJIBENSHANGGENJUYINXINGLILVZHIDING,YIBANBIYINXINGTONGQICUNKUANLILVGAO1~2GEBAIFENDIAN。ZAITONGHUOPENGZHANGLVJIAOGAOSHI,GUOKUQUANYECAIYONGBAOZHIBANFA。

  2.JINRONGZHAIQUAN

  JINRONGZHAIQUANSHIYOUYINXINGHEFEIYINXINGJINRONGJIGOUFAXINGDEZHAIQUAN。ZAIWOGUOJINRONGZHAIQUANZHUYAOYOUGUOJIAKAIFAYINXING、JINCHUKOUYINXINGDENGZHENGCEXINGYINXINGFAXING。JINRONGJIGOUYIBANYOUXIONGHOUDEZIJINSHILI,XINYONGDUJIAOGAO,YINCIJINRONGZHAIQUANWANGWANGYOULIANGHAODEXINYU。

  3.GONGSI(QIYE)ZHAIQUAN

  ZAIGUOWAI,MEIYOUQIYEZHAIHEGONGSIZHAIDEHUAFEN,TONGCHENGWEIGONGSIZHAI。ZAIWOGUO,QIYEZHAIQUANSHIANZHAO《QIYEZHAIQUANGUANLITIAOLI》GUIDINGFAXINGYUJIAOYI、YOUGUOJIAFAZHANYUGAIGEWEIYUANHUIJIANDUGUANLIDEZHAIQUAN,ZAISHIJIZHONG,QIFAZHAIZHUTIWEIZHONGYANGZHENGFUBUMENSUOSHUJIGOU、GUOYOUDUZIQIYEHUOGUOYOUKONGGUQIYE,YINCI,TAZAIHENDACHENGDUSHANGTIXIANLEZHENGFUXINYONG。GONGSIZHAIQUANGUANLIJIGOUWEIZHONGGUOZHENGQUANJIANDUGUANLIWEIYUANHUI,FAZHAIZHUTIWEIANZHAO《ZHONGHUARENMINGONGHEGUOGONGSIFA》SHELIDEGONGSIFAREN,ZAISHIJIANZHONG,QIFAXINGZHUTIWEISHANGSHIGONGSI,QIXINYONGBAOZHANGSHIFAZHAIGONGSIDEZICHANZHILIANG、JINGYINGZHUANGKUANG、YINGLISHUIPINGHECHIXUYINGLINENGLIDENG。GONGSIZHAIQUANZAIZHENGQUANDENGJIJIESUANGONGSITONGYIDENGJITUOGUAN,KESHENQINGZAIZHENGQUANJIAOYISUOSHANGSHIJIAOYI,QIXINYONGFENGXIANYIBANGAOYUQIYEZHAIQUAN。2008NIAN4YUE15RIQISHIXINGDE《YINXINGJIANZHAIQUANSHICHANGFEIJINRONGQIYEZHAIWURONGZIGONGJUGUANLIBANFA》JINYIBUCUJINLEQIYEZHAIQUANZAIYINXINGJIANZHAIQUANSHICHANGDEFAXING,QIYEZHAIQUANHEGONGSIZHAIQUANCHENGWEIWOGUOSHANGYEYINXINGYUELAIYUEZHONGYAODETOUZIDUIXIANG。

  按财产担保划分

  1.DIYAZHAIQUAN

  DIYAZHAIQUANSHIYIQIYECAICHANZUOWEIDANBAODEZHAIQUAN,ANDIYAPINDEBUTONGYOUKEYIFENWEIYIBANDIYAZHAIQUAN、BUDONGCHANDIYAZHAIQUAN、DONGCHANDIYAZHAIQUANHEZHENGQUANXINTUODIYAZHAIQUAN。YIBUDONGCHANRUFANGWUDENGZUOWEIDANBAOPIN,CHENGWEIBUDONGCHANDIYAZHAIQUAN;YIDONGCHANRUSHIXIAOSHANGPINDENGZUOWEITIGONGPINDE,CHENGWEIDONGCHANDIYAZHAIQUAN;YIYOUJIAZHENGQUANRUGUPIAOJIQITAZHAIQUANZUOWEIDANBAOPINDE,CHENGWEIZHENGQUANXINTUOZHAIQUAN。YIDANZHAIQUANFAXINGRENWEIYUE,XINTUORENJIUKEJIANGDANBAOPINBIANMAICHUZHI,YIBAOZHENGZHAIQUANRENDEYOUXIANQIUCHANGQUAN。

  2.XINYONGZHAIQUAN

  XINYONGZHAIQUANSHIBUYIRENHEGONGSICAICHANZUOWEIDANBAO,WANQUANPINGXINYONGFAXINGDEZHAIQUAN。ZHENGFUZHAIQUANSHUYUCILEIZHAIQUAN。ZHEIZHONGZHAIQUANYOUYUQIFAXINGRENDEJUEDUIXINYONGERJUYOUJIANSHIDEKEKAOXING。CHUCIZHIWAI,YIXIEGONGSIYEKEFAXINGZHEIZHONGZHAIQUAN,JIXINYONGGONGSIZHAI。YUDIYAZHAIQUANXIANGBI,XINYONGZHAIQUANDECHIYOURENCHENGDANDEFENGXIANJIAODA,YINERWANGWANGYAOQIUJIAOGAODELILV。WEILEBAOHUTOUZIRENDELIYI,FAXINGZHEIZHONGZHAIQUANDEGONGSIWANGWANGSHOUDAOZHONGZHONGXIANZHI、ZHIYOUNEIXIEXINYUZHUOZHUDEDAGONGSICAIYOUZIGEFAXING。CHUCIYIWAIZAIZHAIQUANQIYUEZHONGDOUYAOJIARUBAOHUXINGTIAOKUAN,RUBUNENGJIANGZICHANDIYAQITAZHAIQUANREN、BUNENGJIANBINGQITAQIYE、WEIJINGZHAIQUANRENTONGYIBUNENGCHUSHOUZICHAN、BUNENGFAXINGQITAZHANGQIZHAIQUANDENG。

  按债券形态分类

  1.SHIWUZHAIQUAN(WUJIMINGZHAIQUAN)

  SHIWUZHAIQUANSHIYIZHONGJUYOUBIAOZHUNGESHISHIWUQUANMIANDEZHAIQUAN。TAYUWUSHIWUPIAOJUANXIANGDUIYING,JIANDANDISHUOJIUSHIFAJINIDEZHAIQUANSHIZHIZHIDEERFEIDIANNAOLIDESHUZI。

  ZAIQIQUANMIANSHANG,YIBANYINZHILEZHAIQUANMIANE、ZHAIQUANLILV、ZHAIQUANQIXIAN、ZHAIQUANFAXINGRENQUANCHENG、HAIBENFUXIFANGSHIDENGGEZHONGZHAIQUANPIAOMIANYAOSU。QIBUJIMING,BUGUASHI,KESHANGSHILIUTONG。SHIWUZHAIQUANSHIYIBANYIYISHANGDEZHAIQUAN,HENDUOGUOJIATONGGUOFALVHUOZHEFAGUIDUISHIWUZHAIQUANDEGESHIYUYIMINGQUEGUIDING。SHIWUZHAIQUANYOUYUQIFAXINGCHENGBENJIAOGAO,JIANGHUIBEIZHUBUQUXIAO。

  2.PINGZHENGSHIZHAIQUAN

  PINGZHENGSHIGUOZHAISHIZHIGUOJIACAIQUBUYINSHUASHIWUQUAN,ERYONGTIANZHI“GUOKUQUANSHOUKUANPINGZHENG”DEFANGSHIFAXINGDEGUOZHAI。WOGUOCONG1994NIANKAISHIFAXINGPINGZHENGSHIGUOZHAI。PINGZHENGSHIGUOZHAIJUYOULEISICHUXU、YOUYOUYUCHUXUDETEDIAN,TONGCHANGBEICHENGWEI“CHUXUSHIGUOZHAI”,SHIYICHUXUWEIMUDEDEGERENTOUZIZHELIXIANGDETOUZIFANGSHI。CONGGOUMAIZHIRIQIJIXI,KEJIMING、KEGUASHI,DANBUNENGSHANGSHILIUTONG。YUCHUXULEISI,DANLIXIBICHUXUGAO。

  3.JIZHANGSHIZHAIQUAN

  JIZHANGSHIZHAIQUANZHIMEIYOUSHIWUXINGTAIDEPIAOQUAN,YIDIANNAOJIZHANGFANGSHIJILUZHAIQUAN,TONGGUOZHENGQUANJIAOYISUODEJIAOYIXITONGFAXINGHEJIAOYI。WOGUOTONGGUOHU、SHENJIAOYISUODEJIAOYIXITONGFAXINGHEJIAOYIDEJIZHANGSHIGUOZHAIJIUSHIZHEIFANGMIANDESHILI。RUGUOTOUZIZHEJINXINGJIZHANGSHIZHAIQUANDEMAIMAI,JIUBIXUZAIZHENGQUANJIAOYISUOSHELIZHANGHU。SUOYI,JIZHANGSHIGUOZHAIYOUCHENGWUZHIHUAGUOZHAI。

  按是否可转换划分

  1.KEZHUANHUANZHAIQUAN

  KEZHUANHUANZHAIQUANSHIZHIZAITEDINGSHIQINEIKEYIANMOUYIGUDINGDEBILIZHUANHUANCHENGPUTONGGUDEZHAIQUAN,TAJUYOUZHAIWUYUQUANYISHUANGZHONGSHUXING,SHUYUYIZHONGHUNHEXINGCHOUZIFANGSHI。YOUYUKEZHUANHUANZHAIQUANFUYUZHAIQUANCHIYOURENJIANGLAICHENGWEIGONGSIGUDONGDEQUANLI,YINCIQILILVTONGCHANGDIYUBUKEZHUANHUANZHAIQUAN。RUOJIANGLAIZHUANHUANCHENGGONG,ZAIZHUANHUANQIANFAXINGQIYEDADAOLEDICHENGBENCHOUZIDEMUDE,ZHUANHUANHOUYOUKEJIESHENGGUPIAODEFAXINGCHENGBEN。GENJU《GONGSIFA》DEGUIDING,FAXINGKEZHUANHUANZHAIQUANYINGYOUGUOWUYUANZHENGQUANGUANLIBUMENPIZHUN,FAXINGGONGSIYINGTONGSHIJUBEIFAXINGGONGSIZHAIQUANHEFAXINGGUPIAODETIAOJIAN。

  ZAISHEN、HUZHENGQUANJIAOYISUOSHANGSHIDEKEZHUANHUANZHAIQUANSHIZHINENGGOUZHUANHUANCHENGGUPIAODEQIYEZHAIQUAN,JIANYOUGUPIAOHEPUTONGZHAIQUANSHUANGZHONGTEZHENG。YIGEZHONGYAOTEZHENGJIUSHIYOUZHUANGUJIAGE。ZAIYUEDINGDEQIXIANHOU,TOUZIZHEKEYISUISHIJIANGSUOCHIDEKEZHUANQUANANGUJIAZHUANHUANCHENGGUPIAO。KEZHUANHUANZHAIQUANDELILVSHINIANJUNLIXIDUIPIAOMIANJINEDEBILV,YIBANYAOBIPUTONGQIYEZHAIQUANDELILVDI,TONGCHANGFAXINGSHIYIPIAOMIANJIAFAXING。ZHUANHUANJIAGESHIZHUANHUANFAXINGDEGUPIAOMEIYIGUSUOYAOQIUDEGONGSIZHAIQUANPIAOMIANJINE。

  2.BUKEZHUANHUANZHAIQUAN

  BUKEZHUANHUANZHAIQUANSHIZHIBUNENGZHUANHUANWEIPUTONGGUDEZHAIQUAN,YOUCHENGWEIPUTONGZHAIQUAN。YOUYUQIMEIYOUFUYUZHAIQUANCHIYOURENJIANGLAICHENGWEIGONGSIGUDONGDEQUANLI,SUOYIQILILVYIBANGAOYUKEZHUANHUANZHAIQUAN。

  按付息的方式划分

  1.LINGXIZHAIQUAN

  LINGXIZHAIQUAN,YEJIAOTIEXIANZHAIQUAN,SHIZHIZHAIQUANQUANMIANSHANGBUFUYOUXIPIAO,ZAIPIAOMIANSHANGBUGUIDINGLILV,FAXINGSHIANGUIDINGDEZHEKOULV,YIDIYUZHAIQUANMIANZHIDEJIAGEFAXING,DAOQIANMIANZHIZHIFUBENXIDEZHAIQUAN。CONGLIXIZHIFUFANGSHILAIKAN,TIEXIANGUOZHAIYIDIYUMIANEDEJIAGEFAXING,KEYIKANZUOSHILIXIYUFU,YINERYOUKECHENGWEILIXIYUFUZHAIQUAN、TIESHUIZHAIQUAN。SHIQIXIANBIJIAODUANDEZHEXIANZHAIQUAN。

  2.DINGXIZHAIQUAN

  GUDINGLILVZHAIQUANSHIJIANGLILVYINZAIPIAOMIANSHANGBINGANQIXIANGZHAIQUANCHIYOURENZHIFULIXIDEZHAIQUAN。GAILILVBUSUISHICHANGLILVDEBIANHUAERDIAOZHENG,YINERGUDINGLILVZHAIQUANKEYIJIAOHAODIDIZHITONGHUOJINSUOFENGXIAN。

  3.FUXIZHAIQUAN

  FUDONGLILVZHAIQUANDEXIPIAOLVSHISUISHICHANGLILVBIANDONGERDIAOZHENGDELILV。YINWEIFUDONGLILVZHAIQUANDELILVTONGDANGQIANSHICHANGLILVGUAGOU,ERDANGQIANSHICHANGLILVYOUKAOLVDAOLETONGHUOPENGZHANGLVDEYINGXIANG,SUOYIFUDONGLILVZHAIQUANKEYIJIAOHAODIDIZHITONGHUOPENGZHANGFENGXIAN。QILILVTONGCHANGGENJUSHICHANGJIZHUNLILVJIASHANGYIDINGDELICHALAIQUEDING。FUDONGLILVZHAIQUANWANGWANGSHIZHONGZHANGQIZHAIQUAN。

  按能否提前偿还划分

  ANSHIFOUNENGGOUTIQIANCHANGHAI,ZHAIQUANKEYIFENWEIKESHUHUIZHAIQUANHEBUKESHUHUIZHAIQUAN。

  1.KESHUHUIZHAIQUAN

  KESHUHUIZHAIQUANSHIZHIZAIZHAIQUANDAOQIQIAN,FAXINGRENKEYIYISHIXIANYUEDINGDESHUHUIJIAGESHOUHUIDEZHAIQUAN。GONGSIFAXINGKESHUHUIZHAIQUANZHUYAOSHIKAOLVDAOGONGSIWEILAIDETOUZIJIHUIHEHUIBILILVFENGXIANDENGWENTI,YIZENGJIAGONGSIZIBENJIEGOUDIAOZHENGDELINGHUOXING。FAXINGKESHUHUIZHAIQUANZUIGUANJIANDEWENTISHISHUHUIQIXIANHESHUHUIJIAGEDEZHIDING。

  2.BUKESHUHUIZHAIQUAN

  BUKESHUHUIZHAIQUANSHIZHIBUNENGZAIZHAIQUANDAOQIQIANSHOUHUIDEZHAIQUAN。

  按偿还方式不同划分

  1.YICIDAOQIZHAIQUAN

  YICIDAOQIZHAIQUANSHIFAXINGGONGSIYUZHAIQUANDAOQIRIYICICHANGHAIQUANBUZHAIQUANBENJINDEZHAIQUAN。

  2.FENQIDAOQIZHAIQUAN

  FENQIDAOQIZHAIQUANKEYIJIANQINGFAXINGGONGSIJIZHONGHAIBENDECAIWUFUDAN。

  按计息方式分类

  1.DANLIZHAIQUAN

  DANLIZHAIQUANZHIZAIJIXISHI,BULUNQIXIANZHANGDUAN,JINANBENJINJIXI,SUOSHENGLIXIBUZAIJIARUBENJINJISUANXIAQILIXIDEZHAIQUAN。

  2.FULIZHAIQUAN

  FULIZHAIQUANYUDANLIZHAIQUANXIANGDUIYING,ZHIJISUANLIXISHI,ANYIDINGQIXIANJIANGSUOSHENGLIXIJIARUBENJINZAIJISUANLIXI,ZHUQIGUNSUANDEZHAIQUAN。

  3.LEIJINLILVZHAIQUAN

  LEIJINLILVZHAIQUANZHINIANLILVYILILVZHUNIANLEIJINFANGFAJIXIDEZHAIQUAN。LEIJINLILVZHAIQUANDELILVSUIZHESHIJIANDETUIYI,HOUQILILVBIQIANQILILVGENGGAO,CHENGLEIJINZHUANGTAI。

  按债券是否记名分类

  ANZHAIQUANSHANGSHIFOUJIYOUCHIQUANRENDEXINGMINGHUOMINGCHENG,FENWEIJIMINGZHAIQUANHEWUJIMINGZHAIQUAN。ZHEIZHONGFENLEILEISIYUJIMINGGUPIAOYUWUJIMINGGUPIAODEHUAFEN。

  ZAIGONGSIZHAIQUANSHANGJIZAICHIQUANRENXINGMINGHUOMINGCHENGDEWEIJIMINGGONGSIZHAIQUAN;FANZHIWEIWUJIMINGGONGSIZHAIQUAN。LIANGZHONGZHAIQUANZAIZHUANRANGSHANGDECHABIEYEYUJIMINGGUPIAO、WUJIMINGGUPIAOXIANGSI。

  按是否盈余分配分类

  ANSHIFOUCANJIAGONGSIYINGYUFENPEI,FENWEICANJIAGONGSIZHAIQUANHEBUCANJIAGONGSIZHAIQUAN。

  ZHAIQUANRENCHUXIANGYOUDAOQIXIANGGONGSIQINGQIUHAIBENFUXIDEQUANLIWAI,HAIYOUQUANANGUIDINGCANJIAGONGSIYINGYUFENPEIDEZHAIQUAN,WEICANJIAGONGSIZHAIQUAN;FANZHIWEIBUCANJIAGONGSIZHAIQUAN。

  按募集方式分类

  ANMUJIFANGSHIFENLEIKEFENWEIGONGMUZHAIQUANHESIMUZHAIQUAN。

  GONGMUZHAIQUAN(Public Offering Bond)SHIZHIXIANGSHEHUIGONGKAIFAXING,RENHETOUZIZHEJUNKEGOUMAIDEZHAIQUAN,XIANGBUTEDINGDEDUOSHUTOUZIZHEGONGKAIMUJIDEZHAIQUAN,TAKEYIZAIZHENGQUANSHICHANGSHANGZHUANRANG。

  SIMUZHAIQUAN(Private Placement Bond)SHIZHIXIANGYUFAXINGZHEYOUTEDINGGUANXIDESHAOSHUTOUZIZHEMUJIDEZHAIQUAN,QIFAXINGHEZHUANRANGJUNYOUYIDINGDEJUXIANXING。SIMUZHAIQUANDEFAXINGSHOUXUJIANDAN,YIBANBUNENGZAIZHENGQUANSHICHANGSHANGJIAOYI。GONGMUZHAIQUANYUSIMUZHAIQUANZAIOUZHOUSHICHANGSHANGQUFENBINGBUMINGXIAN,KESHIZAIMEIGUOYURIBENDEZHAIQUANSHICHANGSHANG,ZHEIZHONGQUFENSHIHENYANGEDE,BINGQIEYESHIFEICHANGZHONGYAODE。

  按能否上市分类

  ANNENGFOUSHANGSHI,FENWEISHANGSHIZHAIQUANHEFEISHANGSHIZHAIQUAN。

  KEZAIZHENGQUANJIAOYISUOGUAPAIJIAOYIDEZHAIQUANWEISHANGSHIZHAIQUAN;FANZHIWEIFEISHANGSHIZHAIQUAN。SHANGSHIZHAIQUANXINYONGDUGAO,JIAZHIGAO,QIEBIANXIANSUDUKUAI,GUERRONGYIXIYINTOUZIZHE,DANSHANGSHITIAOJIANYANGE,BINGYAOCHENGDANSHANGSHIFEIYONG。

  GENJUSHEN、HUZHENGQUANJIAOYISUOGUANYUSHANGSHIQIYEZHAIQUANDEGUIDING,QIYEZHAIQUANFAXINGDEZHUTIKEYISHIGUFENGONGSI,YEKEYISHIYOUXIANZERENGONGSI。

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